JAN, 2018

Event Management

So if you are reading this you have probably worked at events or have had some management responsibility for crowd safety at events and have worked at a number of these. As part of your knowledge of and management of crowds, you will be familiar with crowd dynamics, density and the maths that supports this. However this is just part of the Crowd Management jigsaw. 

So, I have a question for you! Do you know how a crowd thinks, interacts, relates and responds to the behaviours of individuals and groups within the crowd? These pieces of the jigsaw are essential tools for you to consider and learn from to avoid crowd failures leading to injury or even fatality.

I have been  privileged in my studies to have sat in on lectures by experts in the field of crowd psychology. What follows is a video resource file of these experts in their subjects to support you. I hope you will gain a better understanding of this fascinating area of crowd management.

Crowd Psychology and Mass Gathering – Dr. John Drury, University of Sussex

Published on Apr 27, 2016

Britain from above – Dr. Clifford Stott, School of Psychology

Published on Nov 06, 2009

Understanding the UK Riots – Dr. Chris Cocking, University of Brighton

Published on Aug 10, 2011

The Social Psychology of Crowds, ideas, identity and impact – Dr. Clifford Stott

Published on Nov 03, 2017

Collective emotions / Session 4: The social psychology of social emotions – Dr. John Drury

Published on May 20, 2016

Crowds and Identities: John Drury’s Research Group


The Psychology of Crowd Dynamics

Stephen Reicher
School of Psychology University of St. Andrews





Journal Articles:

  • Reicher, S., Stott, C., Drury, J., Adang, O., Cronin, P., & Livingstone, A. (2007). Knowledge-based public order policing: Principles and practice. Policing, 1, 403-415.
  • Stott, C. J., Adang, O. M., Livingstone, A., & Schreiber, M. (2008). Tackling football hooliganism: A quantitative study of public order, policing and crowd psychology. Psychology Public Policy and Law, 14(2), 115-141.
  • Stott, C. J., Adang, O. M., Livingstone, A., & Schreiber, M. (2007). Variability in the collective behaviour of England fans at Euro2004: Public order policing, social identity, intergroup dynamics and social change. European Journal of Social Psychology, 37, 75-100.
  • Stott, C. J., & Drury, J. (2004). The importance of social structure and social interaction in stereotype consensus and content: Is the whole greater than the sum of its parts? European Journal of Social Psychology, 34, 11-23.
  • Stott, C. J., & Drury, J. (2000). Crowds, context and identity: Dynamic categorization processes in the “poll tax riot.” Human Relations, 53, 247-273.
  • Stott, C. J., Hutchison, P., & Drury, J. (2001). “Hooligans” abroad? Inter-group dynamics, social identity and participation in collective “disorder” at the 1998 World Cup finals. British Journal of Social Psychology, 40, 359-384.
  • Stott, C. J., & Reicher, S. D. (1998). Crowd action as inter-group process: Introducing the police perspective. European Journal of Social Psychology, 28, 509-529.
  • Stott, C. J., & Reicher, S. D. (1998). How conflict escalates: The inter-group dynamics of collective football crowd “violence.” Sociology, 32, 353-377.
  • Stott, C., Livingstone, A., & Hoggett, J. (2008). Policing football crowds in England and Wales: A model of “good practice”? Policing and Society, 18, 258-281.
  • Stott, C., & Pearson, G. (2006). Football banning orders proportionality and public order policing. Howard Journal of Criminal Justice, 45, 241-254.

Stephen David Reicher


Stephen Reicher is a Professor in the School of Psychology & Neuroscience at the University of St Andrews. His research interests focus on the issues of group behaviour and the individual-social relationship. More specifically, his recent research can be grouped into three areas. The first is an attempt to develop a model of crowd action that accounts for both social determination and social change. The second concerns the construction of social categories through language and action. The third concerns political rhetoric and mass mobilisation – especially around the issue of national identity. Currently, Professor Reicher is starting work on a Leverhulme funded project (jointly with Nick Hopkins of Lancaster University) looking at the impact of devolution on Scottish identity and social action in Scotland.

Safe and Trained can help you train your workforce to be ambassadors of crowd management safety; we can tailor-make the training you need to ensure you have the ability to prepare for and  handle any situations as they arise.

Steve Laws


Steve Laws

With a diverse background in helping individuals grow in skills and expertise through the training he delivers, nationally, and internationally, Steve brings a wide array of skills to Safe and Trained delivery to an ever growing market of companies. His experience in crowd safety strategy and implementation – as well as a creative flair and eye for detail – will provide a fantastic pool of skills that will help you grow in skills and work practice..


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